In 1819 seed diversity was brought to the US to be shred with the public from the understanding of the importance of communal seed diversity. the federal government founded the USDA who was distributing seed verities to everyone for free. Universities had grant for improvement of crops, breading programs and served regional community.

1863 “American Seed Trade Association” formed. In the first meeting in Rochester they decided to to stop the free seed program throw lobbying congress, and they succeeded by 1923.

In the 1950’s hybridization increased and funding for universities dropped, changed into founding for commercial products and turned universities into servants of the privet sector.

In 1980 the supreme court allowed for the first time patenting of life, a bacteria that eats oil, Diamond Vs Chakrabarty. And from their any part of plant, characteristic could be patented.

Many things changed rapidly which gave way for large, non agriculture chemical pharmaceutical companies, like Monsanto, DoPont, Bayer ect, to cease the opportunity and take over the seed industries, total control of seeds throw patenting, stopping farmers from saving seed crops and no researchers can save and innovate.

Luckily some small seed companies like SSE, Seeds Of Change, Southern Exposure, Johnny’s Selected Seeds, Native Seeds SEARCH and many more, started saving heirloom seeds and breading seeds, working with rowel communities for protecting our heritage.

We most find the way to be more collaborative protect local farmers and pass are seeds in our communities as the beginning of creating a sustainable next generation.



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